Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Action (NAMA)
Nationally appropriate mitigation actions (NAMAs), first mentioned in the Bali Action Plan 2007, are measures adopted by developing countries to mitigate climate change, as part of a comprehensive process to effectively implement the UNFCCC. In 2009, member countries submitted their proposed NAMAs - in forms of policies, regulations, standards, and programs - to the UNFCCC at COP15. This event also secured the promises of developed countries to fund mitigation and adaptation actions in developing countries (US$30 billion) from 2010 to 2012 and mobilize additional US$100 billion annually by 2020.
By far, 46 countries have announced their NAMAs at national levels (see the interactive Pre-2020 NAMA map here). Individual actions contributing to realizing the national NAMA objectives are formulated and implemented under individual projects/programs/policies. They are submitted to the NAMA Registry, a platform that matches NAMAs and available international support. Currently, 22 NAMAS have received support, 171 are seeking support for preparation (73 items) and implementation (98 items), 16 others have been submitted for recognition.
NAMA Support Projects
A NAMA Support Projects (NSPs) is one that provides support for the implementation of parts of a NAMA. At COP18 in 2012, governments of Germany and the UK announced the establishment of the NAMA Facility with the joint funding of €120 million to fund the implementation of the most innovative and transformational NAMAs seeking international support. The NAMA Facility welcomed Denmark and the European Commission as new donors in 2013 and 2014. To date, the Donors have committed EUR520 million to support climate actions in all countries on the OECD DAC list, 7 Calls for NSP submission have been launched, and 34 NSPs have been supported (see more in NAMA Facility Annual Report 2019)