GHG Measurement Guidelines

It was estimated that the Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions in Vietnam’s agricultural production was 88.3 million tons CO2eq. in 2010 and accounted for 33.2% of the nation’s total GHG emissions in 2010; rice cultivation alone was responsible for 44.8 million tons CO2eq., 51% of agriculture’s emissions (MONRE, 2014).

The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, therefore, has issued a standardized guideline for measuring GHG emissions as reference for determination, calculation of GHG emissions in paddy rice production, contributing to the national MRV system and Vietnam’s NAMA. The Guideline was built by Vietnam’s Institute of Agricultural Environment with support from IRRI, Winrock international, and SNV in 2016.

The Guideline provides specific instructions as to preparation for sampling (equipment, selection of location, planning, and observation), sampling procedure, sample transportation and storage, and GHG analysis (environment and capacity requirements, methods, and quality assurance). It gives step-by-step guidance with demonstration photos for users to easily follow. Users are also given a template to document and report analysis results in an scientific, concise and informative manner.