Vietnam (Southeast Asia)

Rice growing areas in Vietnam1 dot = 5,000 ha

Southeast Asia produces an estimated 7,767 Gg CH4/year or 194,186 Gg CO2e/year from 48.5 million ha of paddy rice, and globally is the region with the second-highest emissions from rice (China is the highest emitter). Vietnam is distinctive in the region for its high proportion of irrigated, rather than rainfed, rice. Of the total annually cultivated rice area of about 3 million ha, 2.96 million ha are irrigated and are usually planted with two to three rice crops per year. Rice irrigation accounts for 70% of national water needs. GHG emissions from rice are 37.4 Tg/year, or 57.5% of national emissions (UNFCCC 2000).

In Vietnam, rice is cultivated on 82% of its arable land, with about 52% produced in the Mekong River Delta and another 18% in the Red River Delta. The country is the world’s fifth-largest paddy rice producer and a leading exporter. Planting of modern rice varieties of short duration, improved management of resources, and appropriate government policies have enabled Vietnam to be consistently self-sufficient in rice since 1985. Vietnam and IRRI have worked in areas of varietal improvement, conservation of rice diversity, and sustainable farming systems.

With the support from the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS), the Climate and Clean Air Coalition to Reduce Short-Lived Climate Pollutants (CCAC), and other development partners, IRRI is changing the way rice is cultivated to mitigate its GHG emissions and environmental impacts. The Alternate wetting and Drying (AWD) developed by IRRI has been proved to save up to 48% of methane emissions from rice and reduce 30% of irrigation water without yield penalty. The package of improved cultivation techniques named ‘1 Must-do, 5 Reductions’ (1M5R) integrating AWD and other advanced techniques can save up to 11 tons of CO2 equivalent per hectare per year compared to conventional farming (measured by the World Bank’s 10th Mission within the VnSAT project). IRRI is also supporting to upgrade Vietnam’s rice system and rice value chains through policy advice and business cases for improved practices.

In 2020, the Vietnam's Government committed to reduce 6 - 32 million tons of CO2 equivalent emitted from agriculture by 2030 in its updated Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC). Key technologies to achieve these ambitious targets include AWD and other low-emission packages in rice. At the same time, IRRI supports the national partners in assessing mitigation options and developing evidence-based action plans which considers the participation of multiple stakeholders. Southeast Asia produces an estimated 7,767 Gg CH4/year or 194,186 Gg CO2e/year from 48.5 million ha of paddy rice, and globally is the region with the second-highest emissions from rice (China is the highest emitter). Vietnam is distinctive in the region for its high proportion of irrigated, rather than rainfed, rice. Of the total annually cultivated rice area of about 3 million ha, 2.96 million ha are irrigated and are usually planted with two to three rice crops per year. Rice irrigation accounts for 70% of national water needs. GHG emissions from rice are 37.4 Tg/year, or 57.5% of national emissions (UNFCCC 2000).

In Vietnam, rice is cultivated on 82% of its arable land, with about 52% produced in the Mekong River Delta and another 18% in the Red River Delta. The country is the world’s fifth-largest paddy rice producer and a leading exporter. Planting of modern rice varieties of short duration, improved management of resources, and appropriate government policies have enabled Vietnam to be consistently self-sufficient in rice since 1985. Vietnam and IRRI have worked in areas of varietal improvement, conservation of rice diversity, and sustainable farming systems.

With the support from the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS), the Climate and Clean Air Coalition to Reduce Short-Lived Climate Pollutants (CCAC), and other development partners, IRRI is changing the way rice is cultivated to mitigate its GHG emissions and environmental impacts. The Alternate wetting and Drying (AWD) developed by IRRI has been proved to save up to 48% of methane emissions from rice and reduce 30% of irrigation water without yield penalty. The package of improved cultivation techniques named ‘1 Must-do, 5 Reductions’ (1M5R) integrating AWD and other advanced techniques can save up to 11 tons of CO2 equivalent per hectare per year compared to conventional farming (measured by the World Bank’s 10th Mission within the VnSAT project). IRRI is also supporting to upgrade Vietnam’s rice system and rice value chains through policy advice and business cases for improved practices.

In 2020, the Vietnam's Government committed to reduce 6 - 32 million tons of CO2 equivalent emitted from agriculture by 2030 in its updated Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC). Key technologies to achieve these ambitious targets include AWD and other low-emission packages in rice. At the same time, IRRI supports the national partners in assessing mitigation options and developing evidence-based action plans which considers the participation of multiple stakeholders.

Southeast Asia produces an estimated 7,767 Gg CH4/year or 194,186 Gg CO2e/year from 48.5 million ha of paddy rice, and globally is the region with the second-highest emissions from rice (China is the highest emitter). Vietnam is distinctive in the region for its high proportion of irrigated, rather than rainfed, rice. Of the total annually cultivated rice area of about 3 million ha, 2.96 million ha are irrigated and are usually planted with two to three rice crops per year. Rice irrigation accounts for 70% of national water needs. GHG emissions from rice are 37.4 Tg/year, or 57.5% of national emissions (UNFCCC 2000).

In Vietnam, rice is cultivated on 82% of its arable land, with about 52% produced in the Mekong River Delta and another 18% in the Red River Delta. The country is the world’s fifth-largest paddy rice producer and a leading exporter. Planting of modern rice varieties of short duration, improved management of resources, and appropriate government policies have enabled Vietnam to be consistently self-sufficient in rice since 1985. Vietnam and IRRI have worked in areas of varietal improvement, conservation of rice diversity, and sustainable farming systems.

With the support from the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS), the Climate and Clean Air Coalition to Reduce Short-Lived Climate Pollutants (CCAC), and other development partners, IRRI is changing the way rice is cultivated to mitigate its GHG emissions and environmental impacts. The Alternate wetting and Drying (AWD) developed by IRRI has been proved to save up to 48% of methane emissions from rice and reduce 30% of irrigation water without yield penalty. The package of improved cultivation techniques named ‘1 Must-do, 5 Reductions’ (1M5R) integrating AWD and other advanced techniques can save up to 11 tons of CO2 equivalent per hectare per year compared to conventional farming (measured by the World Bank’s 10th Mission within the VnSAT project). IRRI is also supporting to upgrade Vietnam’s rice system and rice value chains through policy advice and business cases for improved practices.

In 2020, the Vietnam's Government committed to reduce 6 - 32 million tons of CO2 equivalent emitted from agriculture by 2030 in its updated Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC). Key technologies to achieve these ambitious targets include AWD and other low-emission packages in rice. At the same time, IRRI supports the national partners in assessing mitigation options and developing evidence-based action plans which considers the participation of multiple stakeholders.


Videos

Low-emission technologies transform Vietnam's rice sector

Mitigation Initiatives in Vietnam

VTC16 news Mar 26.avi

TV News: Workshop on setting priorities to realise Vietnam's NDC targets in rice

Photos:

NDC Planning Workshop | Hanoi, Vietnam | March 2021

Aiming at setting priorities for NDC implementation in rice production, the workshop highlighted different NDC scenarios to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions while gaining economic, social, and environmental benefits sustainably... See more

Completing IRRI's consultancy in VNSAT | Hanoi, Vietnam | December 15, 2020

IRRI announced the successful completion of its consultancy under the Vietnam Sustainable Agriculture Transformation project with important contributions to Vietnam’s agriculture policies and innovative results that can be outscaled... See more

Climate policy workshop | Hanoi, Vietnam | June 2017

The group during the first stakeholder engagement workshop for Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions in Vietnam's rice sector. Photo: E. Bernardo (CCAFS SEA) ... See more

Workshop on Low Carbon Rice Development | Hanoi Vietnam | December 1, 2017

The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development and the Ministry of Planning and Investment of Vietnam, in cooperation with the USAID and CCAFS SEA, conducted ... See more

Booklets/Brochures/Guidelines:

Vietnam_IRRI_brochure- 3 Sept 2020.pdf

IRRI - Vietnam Country Flyer

Approved GHG measurement guidelines Vietnam.pdf

GHG Emission Measurement Guideline

AWD booklet.pptx

AWD Booklet

CCAC brochure.pdf

CCAC Brochure

Papers:

paper on GHG mitigation potential strategy in paddy rice in Vietnam published in Agriculture Science and Technology Jounal.pdf

Methane (CH4) Emissions from Paddy Rice and Potential Mitigation Options

Flyers:

CCAC marketplace Rice April 16 2018 (2).pdf

Methane Mitigation in Rice Paddies in Bangladesh and Vietnam

CCAC catalog - Vietnam: